Philosophy, Politics and Economics

Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

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Deze opleiding

!Deze opleiding communiceert alleen in het Engels.
We tonen daarom de Engelstalige opleidingsinformatie.
Does globalisation undermine social solidarity? Does populism threaten our democracies? How do we encourage corporate social responsibility? And how can we rise to the challenge of climate change?

typeregulier, 60 EC
start1 september
taalvolledig English
opleidingsduur12 maanden voltijd
numerus fixusnee

Our world today faces complex challenges that cannot be tackled by one discipline alone. We need an approach that cuts across boundaries. Our selective one-year Master’s programme in Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE) offers this interdisciplinary approach. The programme aims at ambitious students with a wide range of interests – students who want to explore the philosophical dimensions of political and economic issues and develop and apply their critical thinking tools. If you are interested to work at the interface between politics, economics and philosophy, this is your master's programme.

What will you learn? The programme will equip you with the central theoretical and methodological tools from PPE that allow you to understand and critically examine complex problems ranging from global poverty to the financial crisis. You will learn to analyse the political and economic complexities of organizational structures. You will see what is at stake in theories of democracy, collective decision‐making, rational choice, social inequality and economic growth. And you will learn how to apply theoretical insights to concrete policy problems both locally and globally.

Talent grants

We offer two grants of €5000 to the most talented non-EU/EEA applicants.

Waarom aan de RUG?

In 2018, our programme received the highest overall rating out of all Master programmes in the Netherlands in the national student satisfaction survey. The average over-all score came to 4.9 out of 5! Non-EU/EEA students will receive a tuition waiver of 50%. We also offer two scholarships of €5000,- for the most talented non-EU/EEA applicants:
PPE should be more than the addition of P, P and E. Rather than studying the three disciplines separately, the PPE master's programme in Groningen is unique in teaching PPE as a genuinely integrative discipline. Moreover, our programme offers a distinctive combination of theory and practice: you will learn to apply theories and methods to policy issues.

We combine a thorough interdisciplinary PPE foundation with ample opportunities for specialization. Our core courses and policy seminars provide the foundation, and our wide range of electives allow you to delve deeper into one or more of the disciplinary fields.

Our instructors are of top international quality. The Faculty of Philosophy, for example, is ranked as the best place to study philosophy in the Netherlands. Our small class sizes allow us to provide a close personalised approach, and a personal mentor will guide you through your studies.

Open dagen en meeloopdagen



Op 29 maart organiseren de faculteiten hun mastervoorlichting op locatie. Ontmoet de docenten en studenten van de Groningse masteropleidingen. En proef de sfeer in de facultaire gebouwen, collegezalen en laboratoria en natuurlijk in de stad Groningen.


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In the Methods of PPE module you learn the analytical and formal methods that make up PPE research: decision theory, statistics, policy impact assessment, game theory, and social and public choice theory. You learn the strengths and limitations of these methods, and discover how to frame problems and select the appropriate method for them.
In the Theories of PPE module, we focus on key concepts and theories, including rationality, utility, efficiency, equality and fairness. You will learn how to apply these concepts and theories to issues such as productivity, property rights, social security, markets, intergenerational justice, environmental policy, collective action, and voting.

In the History of PPE module, we critically reflect on the main historical traditions relevant to PPE, focusing on Hobbes, Locke, Hume, Smith, Rousseau and modern developments such as the rise of capitalism, Marxism, and utopian socialism.

In the PPE Seminars you will apply the methods and theories of PPE to concrete policy issues.

For the electives you can choose courses from a list of electives especially designed for the PPE programme and from electives in other programmes offered by the participating faculties. Moreover, it is possible to substitute some coursework with an internship.

To conclude your degree, you will write a Master's thesis on a topic of your own choice.

The one‐year (60 ECTS) programme consists of nine modules of 5 ECTS each and a 15 ECTS Master thesis. Three of these nine modules constitute the academic core of the programme: Methods of PPE, Theories of PPE, and History of PPE. In two PPE seminars, knowledge from Methods and Theories is applied to policy issues. Four PPE electives and a Master thesis complete the programme.
Elective 1
Theories of PPE
Methods of PPE
History of PPE
Elective 2
PPE Seminar 1
PPE Seminar 2
Elective 3
Elective 4
Master Thesis afstuderen


taal van onderwijs100% en

Toelating en kosten


1 september 2019

aanmelding deadline : 1 mei 2019
wettelijk tarief : € 2083 (€1042 in het eerste jaar)
instellingstarief : € 11700
niet-EU/EER studenten : € 12500

1 september 2020

aanmelding deadline : 1 mei 2020
collegegeld nog niet bekend

Students with a non-Dutch diploma, please click on 'Apply for this programme' below to see the full application procedure for this programme.
Students applying on the basis of a Dutch bachelor diploma, please submit your application (including all required documents) to:, visit and follow the application instructions.

After reviewing all applications, the Board of Admissions will admit some students directly and reject some students directly. Other students will be invited for an interview. In an interview, the Board of Admissions will address issues such as motivation, ambition, skills and general fit with the PPE programme. Once admitted, students will be given, where necessary, a reading list on issues they have not encountered in their Bachelor's. He or she will then follow up with their mentor on these issues once the programme starts.

Please submit an academic transcript. We generally expect applicants to have at least a mean grade of 7.5 out of 10 on the Dutch grading system, although exceptions are sometimes granted in special circumstances. If the undergraduate programme involved a thesis, we also expect a 7.5 or higher.
The admissions office will check how far international candidates' GPA corresponds to our requirement on the Dutch grading system.

To confirm sufficient language proficiency, please submit your results on one of the following language tests:

  • IELTS: at least 7.0 overall score with no band less than 6.5
  • TOEFL: at least 100 overall score, with section scores being at least 22 for Reading, 26 for Speaking, and 24 for Writing

This requirement does not apply if:
  • you are a native speaker and have completed your secondary education in any one of the following countries: Canada, USA, UK, Ireland, New Zealand, Australia
  • you have completed your bachelor education in any one of the following countries: Canada, USA, UK, Ireland, New Zealand, Australia

The applicant has a Bachelor's degree in (1) PPE, or (2) Philosophy or Philosophy of a Specific Discipline, or (3) Economics, or (4) Political Science, or (5) another relevant field.

reference letter
Please submit two reference letters. These should be from academic staff and signed by your referee. Please make sure they state your student number on these letters (you receive a student number once you have registered in Studielink).
Applicants with a non-Dutch Bachelor diploma: Your referees should send their letters directly to
Applicants with a Dutch Bachelor diploma: Your referees should send their letters directly to

Please include a CV, a letter of motivation (between one and three pages), and a writing sample (between 3000 and 10000 words) with your application.

estimated monthly costs

bron: Nibud
303kamerhuur in Groningenrond het landelijk gemiddelde
172collegegeldop basis van € 2060 per jaar
80studieboeken en -spullen
77uiterlijkkleding, kapper, schoenen
132vrije tijdstappen, uit eten, vakantie
42vervoernaast de OV-kaart

€ 1171totale maandelijkse uitgaven landelijk gemiddelde is € 1181
Hiernaast staat een overzicht van de gemiddelde kosten die een uitwonende student heeft. Niet iedere student heeft met iedere kostenpost te maken. Het totaalgemiddelde is dus niet gelijk aan de optelsom van alle kostenposten.

Bekijk ook de uitgebreide toelichting: wat kost studeren?

Studenten en studentenleven


7 studenten volgen deze opleiding
29% daarvan is vrouw
4 eerstejaars gestart in 2017
50% daarvan is vrouw
29331 studenten aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
51% daarvan is vrouw
bron: StudieData

Op kamers in Groningen

55216studenten studerend
31914studenten woonachtig   
€ 303gemiddelde kamerprijs
kamer betaalbaarheid
21 m2gemiddelde kameroppervlak
kamer beschikbaarheid
bron: Nationale Studenten Enquête

aan het woord: studenten en docenten

Rosie Pearce
The small class size of the PPE programme has enabled me to receive individual attention throughout my studies.

I was attracted to the course at the University of Groningen because it combines the three studies within modules, which was not the case at other universities. The PPE approach is integrated into more modules than just our core ones. For example, I took a module called 'Justice in Migration', where we studied immigration and emigration policies through empirical evidence as well as philosophical standpoints.

The choice of modules is good, and we can take modules at other departments as well as our own...
Each student is assigned a mentor, who we can ask for advice.As well as benefiting from supportive staff, the learning environment with other students is interesting, since our different backgrounds complement our joint studies. We bring our knowledge, skills and experience from our relative bachelor degrees and home countries to class discussions. For example, when discussing policies, we will often compare how institutions in different countries organise.The philosophy department is a wonderful home to study in, and as a small department it is welcoming. I have found it easy to integrate into the university and city, since there are lots of organised activities through student associations like STUFF (philosophy student association) and ESN (Erasmus student network).

lees verder ...

Na de studie

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Beroepsperspectief / arbeidsmarkt

With its combination of a generalist PPE foundation and its opportunities for specialisation, our Master's prepares you for a broad range of careers.

Our PPE programme provides you with the knowledge, insight, and skills to work in organizations as diverse as national or international public administrations, governmental and non‐governmental organizations, private businesses and banks, journalism, think tanks and research institutions.

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Admission Office
Programme Coordinators Philosophy, Politics And Economics
Janine Weeting

study advisor

Meer informatie?
Bezoek de website van deze opleiding.